when did homosexuality become wrong i mean in ancient rome they just had giant orgies and nobody thought twice about it
How all those women kept from being pregnant? I mean if those orgies were true, what the fuck did they use? By that time condoms didn’t exist!!
SON LET ME TELL YOU ABOUT ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN BIRTH CONTROL
so unwanted pregnancy is a problem as old as people having sex. (which is to say, OLD AS BALLS.) Now, the ancient world’s knowledge of the female reproductive system was spotty at best—Soranus, a Greek physician, advised women not to have sex during menstruation because that was when they were most fertile. Despite that, they did manage to come up with a number of methods. Some (such as specially-blessed amulets and rituals) were unsuccessful. Others you’re probably familiar with—the 21st century didn’t invent pulling out, or intercrural/anal/oral sex.
first, there were actually condoms! Although you probably wouldn’t recognize them because instead of neat little latex gloves, they were generally sheaths made out of goats’ bladders (Greece) or linen (Egypt). They also weren’t generally considered birth control—that was a woman’s affair, and because condoms were for male use, they tend to be seen as preventing the spread of disease rather than pregnancy. (Important, when you’re having orgies with total strangers.) But they definitely existed, and were in use throughout the classical era (X)
more common, however, was what we today might call a cervical cap, or an occlusive pessary. This fits over the cervix and stops the sperm from entering the uterus. You find records of this all over Hippocratic and Ancient Egyptian medical texts—pessaries soaked in donkey’s milk, made out of sponges or rags or dung (can you imagine that PID), and Rome in particular specialized in an ungulant, a foamy mix of honey and sodium carbonate, or sticky rosin. All these were said to prevent pregnancy. (x)
(Although in the Hippocratic corpus, it’s advised that such devices not be used too often, since they caused vaginal ulcers. yeesh.)
also very popular were any number of different herbs that acted as abortifacients. Most notable was silphium, an herb from North Africa. Because it had to be shipped across the Mediterranean, it was incredibly expensive—however, the Roman physicians and midwives administered it as a kind of “morning after pill.” Other sources offer alternatives—birthwort, dil, hellebore, and common rue were popular. Hellebore is a natural abortifacient (and poison, please don’t out looking for hellebore), while rue has actually been found to have some abortifacient compounds. (x). Other times a diuretic or enema would be prescribed—anything to get things moving down there.
most physicians/midwives warned against the use of instruments to induce abortion since they had very little idea of what the uterus actually looked like. You were more likely to injure and/or kill the woman than induce a safe abortion.
finally, the oldest method of them all—physical labor. Exercise, heavy labor, riding and energetic jumping (called the “Lacedaemonian Leap” check it out) were all advised for women who wanted to induce early labor, but could not secure or afford other methods.
so while it wasn’t easy or safe for women in the ancient world to keep themselves from getting pregnant, they did have methods to do so~
Abusive Expectations - Makes impossible demands, requires constant attention, and constantly criticizes.
Aggressing - Name calling, accusing, blames, threatens or gives orders, and often disguised as a judgmental “I know best” or “helping” attitude.
Constant Chaos - Deliberately starts arguments with you or others. May treat you well in front of others, but changes when you’re alone.
Rejecting - Refusing to acknowledge a person’s value, worth or presence. Communicating that he or she is useless or inferior or devaluing his or her thoughts and feelings.
Denying - Denies personal needs (especially when need is greatest) with the intent of causing hurt or as punishment. Uses silent treatment as punishment. Denies certain events happened or things that were said. Denies your perceptions, memory and sanity by disallowing any viewpoints other than their own which causes self-doubt, confusion, and loss of self-esteem.
Degrading - Any behavior that diminishes the identity, worth or dignity of the person such as: name-calling, mocking, teasing, insulting, ridiculing,
Emotional Blackmail - Uses guilt, compassion, or fear to get what he or she wants.
Terrorizing - Inducing intense fear or terror in a person, by threats or coercion.
Invalidation - Attempts to distort your perception of the world by refusing to acknowledge your personal reality. Says that your emotions and perceptions aren’t real and shouldn’t be trusted.
Isolating - Reducing or restricting freedom and normal contact with others.
Corrupting - Convincing a person to accept and engage in illegal activities.
Exploiting - Using a person for advantage or profit.
Minimizing - A less extreme form of denial that trivializes something you’ve expressed as unimportant or inconsequential.
Unpredictable Responses - Gets angry and upset in a situation that would normally not warrant a response. You walk around on eggshells to avoid any unnecessary drama over innocent comments you make. Drastic mood swings and outbursts.
Gaslighting -A form of psychological abuse involving the manipulation of situations or events that cause a person to be confused or to doubt his perceptions and memories. Gaslighting causes victims to constantly second-guess themselves and wonder if they’re losing their minds.
here are some name generators that I thought would be helpful.
- Band Name Generator
- Boat Name Generator (warning, this generator has a ton of boat puns.)
- Real City Name Generator
- Made-Up City Name Generator
- Kingdom Name Generator
- Fantasy Name Generator
- Pseudonym Generator
- Surname Generator
- Elf Name Generator
- Vampire Name Generator
- Pirate Name Generator
- Mermaid Name Generator
- Victorian Steampunk Name Generator
- Character Name Generator+Personality
- Magic Spell Generator
Note: It is not advised that you force a name on something, but that instead you base a character around a name or take inspiration from results.
➸ gets into a cab only to find someone else already inside AU
➸ out walking their dog who starts chasing after the other person’s dog AU
➸ cat/dog runs away and other person finds it AU
➸ mistaken identity AU
➸ pen pals AU
➸ sit next to each other in orchestra AU
➸ partners in (literal) crime AU (theft? fraud? hacking? murder?)
➸ partners in dance class AU
➸ trapped on a deserted island together AU
➸ wizard AU where one accidentally apparates into the wrong house
➸ protester and police officer AU
➸ lab partners AU
➸ new neighbors AU
➸ one’s blind and falls in love with the other’s voice AU
➸ hair stylist/make up artist and actor/model AU
➸ bffs when they were little but one moved away and they run into each other again AU
➸ mailman(/woman) and person who receives a lot of mail AU
➸ private detective and client AU
➸ archaeologist AU
➸ paramedic AU
➸ runaway royalty and confused commoner AU
➸ android and human AU
➸ ghosts in love AU
➸ go to the same support group AU
➸ just keep running into each other everywhere AU
➸ orchestra player/pianist and concertgoer AU
➸ younger siblings are best friends AU
➸ photographer and model AU
➸ writer and editor AU
➸ immortal and non-immortal AU
➸ screenwriter and director AU
➸ greek god and roman counterpart AU
➸ ALL OF THE AUS
This was my ‘writing career’ when I was young. I’d come up with great ideas, wonderful ideas, aaand… I never got past jotting down the basic summary. Why? I’m still not sure. Maybe I was afraid of my ability to write them (reflecting, I think this had a large part of it). Maybe the first draft blues kept me from really understanding how to put the moving pictures in my head into words.
Thing is, though, even in movies, script writers and directions have to use language to convey what they imagine, and the fear of fucking it up is only hurting one person: you (and me!). I’m gonna be honest here; it’s not easy. It’s really hard, actually, and you need to keep trying and failing until you get on it. You can do this thing. You know you can.
Make peace with the shitty first draft. You have to accept this as part of the process. Breathe in, let go. This is one of the main reasons I draft in ink and paper, because it’s much easier to keep going without looking back. Don’t hesitate too long over which word to use; write both, underline, and move on. The only thing between you and perfecting your idea is the shit it’s gonna start out as, and you have to get that hammered out before you move on.
It’s hard. I know it’s hard. Your idea is so good, but it comes out so badly. Fear of the shitty first draft is the biggest motivation killer I know. It’s an emotional landmine, one that waits for when you come back to reveal something you liked while writing earlier is, in, fact, not that great at all. You have to accept this. You have to live with it and keep writing. It gets better later on, you just have to deal with the bad now. Don’t dwell on it. Get it down to edit later.
Outline. Outline and remember outlining is not writing; no matter how vague or detailed, you have to go back and put it into story structure later. Outline knowing that it’s a way to write without the scariness of writing, outline knowing it gets you closer to your goal. Outlining is your ally, but don’t let it hold you forever. It’s tempting to stay in the outline phase; it’s safe there, with no chance of failure. Don’t believe it; you have to move beyond it.
Deadline. Once the writing starts, find ways to stick to it. Give yourself goals and dates, tempt yourself with rewards (candy!) and punishments (do the dishes!). Find people to help you out; ask your Team You to check in with your process. If you’re having trouble, talk to them about plot points or just vague ideas. You need encouragement and the internet can be a great place to find it, but again, don’t get stuck there. You need to move on. You need to get those words down.
You can do this anon. Your ideas are worth it. Put those daydreams on paper, get partners to encourage or write with you.
The concept of angels has always been a favorite of mine, and for good reason since my book series features them. Most of the information here is going to be from past research that sits in my brain. As far as them being supernatural beings, well, that’s the easiest way to make sense of them since a creature in the shape of a human with a massive wingspan is about as aerodynamically sound as a cardboard box from a real-world standpoint. However, I’ve seen angels also explained as being another kind of creature (aliens or something else entirely) that’s mistaken for our favorite winged humanoids by people who don’t know better. So really the interpretation of what they are is entirely up to you as an author.
Here are some things to get you started.
The term ‘angel’ means messenger. The study of angels is known as angelology. For our purposes, I’m going to hone in on the current popular depictions of angels based around Christian mythos, as I’m most familiar with those. Of course, Christianity isn’t the only place where angels exist and there is a lot of overlap and variation between sources.
- Abrahamic Religions – Christianity, Judaism, Islam and sometimes the Bahá’í Faith.
- Early Jewish Mysticism: Merkabah.
- Holy Texts: the Bible, the Torah and the Quran/Koran.
- Other texts: Testament of Solomon, the Book of Enoch and the Book of Jubilees.
- The work of St. Thomas Aquinas.
- Jewish Kabalah (tradition).
- Islamic Hadith (tradition).
- The work of Aleister Crowley (the Book of Law).
- The Enochian Language (supposed language of the angels) created by John Dee and Edward Kelley.
- John Milton’s Paradise Lost.
- New Age/Contemporary Mysticism.
There are technically five levels in the hierarchy and angels only exist in the middle three, which are separated into the Spheres of Heaven. The distinctions of angels within the spheres are referred to as the Nine Choirs or Orders and their arrangement may vary depending on the source, but here’s how I know it. All choirs take orders from the ones above them and can direct the ones below, though some do more of that than others. Presented in ascending in order of importance and power:
The Mortal Plane – Where we are. This is the plane of man, flora and fauna.
The Third Sphere of Heaven – The soldiers and messengers of Heaven.
Angels – This is a general category for the lowest rank of angels. These are the closest to man, often looking like us, and are the most concerned with mortal affairs. They deliver God’s word to humankind and tend to watch over individuals.
Archangels – Most of us are familiar with this category and there are a lot of variations on what fits here, mostly due to the confusion that stems from whether the term ‘Archangel’ in the Bible references this choir or an individual title. These angels are the soldiers of Heaven. They also tend to be regarded as the chief or leading angels, bringing messages to mankind at crucial moments, and possibly laying an apocalyptic beat down. There are multiple beings that have been accepted by the faith as being classified as Archangels. There are seven named in the Book of Enoch: Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel, Raguel, Remiel and Seraquel. It’s important to note that only Michael and Gabriel are mentioned in the Bible. Those two and Raphael (mentioned in the Book of Tobit) are the only three explicitly named by the Catholic Church. The seven are said to be guardians of nations. Michael is the chief Archangel and is also sometimes classified as a Seraphim. Archangels are thought to be guardians over men of importance like Cardinals, Bishops and Rulers.
Principalities – Their purpose is to educate and guard the Mortal Plane, and are said to inspire art and science in the minds of men, as well as teach them to honor authority. They are also the guardians of religion and politics. As a ruling class of angels, they are often depicted with a crown and scepter.
The Second Sphere of Heaven – The governing powers.
Powers – These angels unconditionally obey God. They are warriors, responsible for defending the realms against the forces of evil and their plans. As such, they are adept at combating demons, often the first line of defense in Heaven. They can be thought of as elite guards, protecting the boundary between Heaven and Earth.
Virtues – Controlling heavenly bodies like the stars (including the sun), moon and planets is what these angels do. They also have dominion over the elements and nature. Blessed by God, they have the power to grant miracles as well as establish signs of His presence in the Mortal Plane.
Dominions – It’s a rarity that these angels appear to humans, but when they do, they are divinely beautiful. They regulate the duties of the angels below them as their primary function and are often shown having orbs of light on the pommel of their sword or on the heads of their scepters.
The First Sphere of Heaven – Counselors of Heaven. Those close to God. Angels in this sphere don’t generally present themselves to humans.
Thrones – Also called Ophanim, these angels are required for any of the choirs of the lower spheres to access God. They are beings of peace, submission and humility. They are depicted as a wheel within a wheel, their rims containing hundreds of eyes.
Cherubim – These angels have the knowledge of God, including His secrets, and the ability to understand their meaning. They are the voice of wisdom. In the Bible they were sent to Earth for great tasks, like the expulsion of man from the Garden of Eden and the Annunciation of Christ. They have been shown to either look like humans with multiple sets of wings or they possess four heads: one of a man, an ox, a lion and an eagle, four eye-covered conjoined wings and possibly other animal features. Cherubim are not pudgy babies with wings. That is a false depiction. Those are actually called putti or putto (singular).
Seraphim – The closest to God, they are said to emanate a light so bright that not even other angels may look at them. Thought to be engulfed in flame, they literally burn with God’s love, meant to enlighten and cleanse, as they know Him best. To emphasize, love is their primary characteristic, not knowledge, because love is greater than knowledge, as knowledge causes arrogance. Seraphims spread God’s love to the lower choirs. There are four Seraphim that surround God’s throne, acting as caretakers. Seraphim are often depicted with six wings, two wings covering their feet, two cover their face (s) and two for flying. Sometimes they look like man, and other times they have multiple heads.
God – The Almighty.
Angel Depictions and Characteristics
With the angelic choirs in mind it’s easy enough to see where some of the popular depictions of angels came from. Angels have been in Christian artwork since the third century, when the first dated image of one was found in the Catacomb of Priscillia in Rome. Angels were originally depicted in art without wings, and it wasn’t until the forth century when St. John Chrysostom explained the significance of wings that they suddenly became a prominently depicted feature.
When we think of angels the mental image of white wings, gorgeous physical features and flowing holy robes usually comes to mind:
(La Vierge Aux Anges by William Adolphe Bouguereau)
But you also have angels as warriors:
(The Archangel Michael by Guido Reni)
And Nightmare Fuel:
There are plenty of other ways to depict angels and what you decide to do with them is going to depend on your goals.
Angels traditionally don’t have free will. How free will is defined, however, will vary. A lot of the time I find, regarding angels, that lacking free will means you can’t disobey God. You can either interpret that strictly, meaning they’re complete servants or you can interpret it loosely, meaning they adhere to certain main tenants (which can either be from religious doctrine or whatever you have deemed for your higher power) and still make their own choices regarding other matters.
While Angels are beings of great power, and it’s certainly fun to think of the different abilities they may have, you can also use them to convey a message.
My Angels are Beautiful – Beauty has been long viewed as perfection, and you can use the beauty of angels to emphasize that they are better than man. Of course, that’s not all you can do. To paraphrase (and butcher) Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchet’s Good Omens, angels are beautiful in the same way that a forest fire is beautiful – they are to be admired from a distance but not up close. Angels can be dangerous, as can beauty. Most people would more easily trust a beautiful person than one who is ugly or creepy in some way. That trust can be misplaced, and it can be deadly.
Wing Colors – Angels often represent a force for good, and as such are generally depicted with white wings as a symbol of their purity and righteousness. Any angels that are corrupted, evil or fallen, tend to to have black or dark-colored wings, though they may have none at all. You don’t have to stick with this trope. You can use other colors to symbolize different things about your angels. You can also use color patterns of actual birds if you like, making angels seem more realistic than supernatural.
Humanoid Angels – Oftentimes, angels are shown to look like us. There a few different reasons for this. The obvious is the religious line of reasoning: God created all things and man was created in God’s image. While that’s great, the Bible doesn’t actually say that angels were also created in that image, but it doesn’t deny it either. So, there’s a possibility that angels and humans look fairly similar, angels being the first creations and humans being the next after some modifications. Whether or not that makes humans special is up to interpretation. A lot of our specialness when compared to the angels comes from the distinction that we have free will and they don’t. Another reason for humanoid angels is that humans tend to be a vain species as a whole. We like it when other things look like us. From the angels’ point of view, it’s much easier to blend into human society if they appear as we are. There’s also the argument that making a supernatural being more like humans makes them more relatable as a character. It’s much easier to visualize and understand a concept like the existence of angels if they are like us, even in a small way.
Monster Angels – Sometimes things are not what they seem. Angels may appear in another form to humans, but in reality are abominations akin to Eldritch Horrors. They have forms that may or may not be humanoid. They can be masses of wings, eyes or anything else your twisted little mind can come up with. The point of monster angels is to show that the beings we exalt may not be worth our attention, that they may be worse than what we could have ever imagined.
Arrogance on High – This is a common trope and storyline for an angel. Angels are often portrayed as arrogant, jealous beings. How dare God create another creature and love them more! The mission of these angels is to destroy humanity in some way in order to reaffirm their place as God’s favorites. There may be other angels who are against this and you end up with two factions of warring angels (see the film The Prophecy).
I’ve Fallen and I Can’t Get Up – The fallen angel trope. This angel is the one who screwed up somewhere along the line and has fallen out of God’s good graces. He may have left Heaven himself or he may have been kicked out. Either way he’s looking for a way to redeem himself in the eyes of the Lord, or a way to get even. He will sometimes team up with a human willing to help him or he may even be protecting that person.
Nephilim – Depending on where you look the Nephilimare either giant-sized sons of God and daughters of men (ala Genesis 6:4), fallen angels or angel-human hybrids. According to scripture, angels aren’t supposed to be able to marry and a popular trope is having them fall in love with humans and sometimes a human woman will bear offspring. Because love is universal and almost everyone can relate, it often makes for a good story. Not to mention the idea of half-angels is just cool.
I Want to Be an Angel Too! – Don’t worry puny humans, if you’re a shining example of piety in your current life, you too can be an angel in the next! This story is often used when a character has done something terrible in their lives and is trying to redeem themselves in the next, working to earn their way to becoming an angel. Through this tale we are shown that angels really are better than humans and are something to aspire to. It also sheds light on the imperfections of man.
There are some angels that are more prominent than others, as well as those that people should know more about and his is by no means an exhaustive list. They are presented below with a bit about who they are and what role they play. Some are featured more prominently in Jewish mythology than in Christian and vise versa. Note that certain angels are depicted strictly as male while others are portrayed as either gender.
Michael – The angel of miracles, his name meaning “he who is like God”. He often interacts with humans in the Bible and inspires courage in mankind. He is the patron saint of chivalry, police officers, the military and paramedics.
Gabriel – Portrayed as male or female, his name means “man of God”. He is often the primary messenger of God and patron saint of those who work in communications, as well as postal workers.
Raphael – He is the angel of healing, giving many gifts to mankind including creativity, joy, and love.
Lucifer – His name means “the shining one”, “bringer of light” or “morning star” depending on the translation. He rebelled against God and was cast out of Heaven. There is an argument regarding the difference between Satan and Lucfier but based on my research, they’re the same being. Lucifer was his name before he was cast out and after that event, he was called Satan.
Azrael – The angel of death. Often depicted as the Grim Reaper.
Raziel – The angel of mysteries and knowledge. He inspires mankind to accept mystery as an aspect of life. His name means “God is my pleasure”.
Uriel – He is the angel of creativity, wisdom and the sun. His name means “God is my light”. In art he is often depicted carrying a book or a scroll, serving as the patron saint of the arts and sciences.
Sammael – Also spelled Samael, he is the angel of souls and has been regarded as both a good and evil angel. In Jewish lore, he is the angel of death.
Nathaniel – Meaning “gift of God”, he is the angel of fire, controlling both the physical element and empowering passion in the hearts of men.
Zachriel – He is the angel of surrender, allowing humans to recognize that our attachments to the physical world are only temporary. As such, he is also the angel of memory.
Metatron – The voice of God, angel of life and thought. His name means “the one who serves behind God’s throne” or “the one who guards”. He guards the Tree of Life and carries the Book of Life, recording the good deeds of man, as well as what happens in Heaven. He is depicted as having 36 pairs of wings or a wheel of wings and eyes.
Sahaquiel – The angel of the sky.
Sandalphon – As an angel prince, he is the angel of power, overseeing the Seraphim. Supposedly the twin brother of Metatron, both were human before their ascension.
Anael – The angel of romantic love, life and health. Also has dominion over the element of air.
Rashnu – The angel that stands on the bridge to Heaven and determines who may enter.
Abaddon/Apollyon – Mentioned in Revelations as the angel of the bottomless pit. Abaddon is Greek and Apollyon is Hebrew, both terms meaning “destroyer”. Sometimes this being is referred to as a demon.
Melchisedek – The angel of peace.
Rahab – The angel of the sea. Often depicted as demonic and sometimes associated with insolence and pride. Is a sea monster in Jewish folklore.
Amitiel – The angel of truth.
Leliel – The angel of night.
Materiel – The angel of rain and storms.
Urim – The angel of light.
Ramiel – The angel of thunder, considered both a heavenly and fallen angel. He is in charge of the souls that come for judgment on the last day.
Based on the names above, there are a few easy thing you can do to name your angel characters. You can either use an existing name if the meaning fits, or you can make your own. There is actually a system in Hebrew used for naming angels in the Bible, but I don’t know enough about the language to write a guide on that. So, here are a few things that might help based on my experience and observation:
- Angel names tend to have common endings. If they don’t end in -il, el, al, iel or ael, they will usually end with letters like h, n, m, k or r (though there are others).
- They’re usually 2-4 syllables.
- They can start with any letter.
- Angel name generators can be a great help when you’re stuck. Try these: (X) (X) (X)
You can pretty much do whatever you want in terms of power sets for angels. They are regarded as very powerful supernatural beings and would probably be on the high end of power sets in most cases.
- Power Primer 1: The Elements
- Power Primer 2: Mind Over Everything
- God Powers
- And for tips on balancing - Lets Talk About Magic!
Nothing about angels is definitive information. Since we have no proof that they exist, all information comes from the interpretation of religions texts and is speculative at best. However, the general idea of angels and most of the concepts regarding them are widely accepted by both religious institutions, and at this point, popular culture. As with most creative writing, it’s not the ideas you use but instead, it’s how you use them. Now go forth and write!
- Catacomb of Priscilla
- The Holy Angels
- On the Incomprehensible Nature of God (The Fathers of the Church, Volume 72) - St. John Chrysostom
- Angel Names
Anonymous asked you:
Do you have any information on angels and devils??
- Angel Names
- More Angel Names
- Angels - Catholic Encyclopedia
- Angels: A Spiritual Perspective
- What Does the Bible Say About Angels?
- Creation of Angels and Fall of Lucifer
- All About Angels A - Z
- All About Angels
- Angel Numbers
- The Angels: Morning Stars of Creation
- The Angelic Mind and Mode of Expression
- Proper Names of the Angels
- Difference Between Devils and Demons
- List of Theological Demons
- List of Demon Names
- Demon Names
- Names of Demons and Devils
- Satan, Demons, and Zombies
- Demons and the Abilities
- Types of Demons
So my historical costuming resources list from 2011 was less than a page long- I’m not saying that I’ve learned a lot in the past three years, but this list is now sitting pretty at a solid nine pages. Whew. And people wonder why I want to redo this damn series.
This list is by no means an exhaustive one- it’s a list of (primarily western) historical fashion resources, both online and offline, that is limited to what I know, own, or use! It’s a work in progress, and I’m definitely hoping to expand on it as my knowledge base grows. First things first, how about a little:
ADVICE FOR RESEARCHING HISTORICAL FASHION
- Read, and read about more than just costuming. Allowing yourself to understand the cultural and historical context surrounding the clothing of a particular region/period can be invaluable in sussing out good costume design. Looking at pictures is all well and good, but reading about societal pressures, about construction techniques, daily routines, local symbolism, whatever else will really help you understand the rhyme and reason behind costuming from any given context.
- Expand your costume vocabulary. When you’re delving into a new topic, costuming or otherwise, picking up new terminology is essential to proper understanding and furthering your research. Write down or take note of terms as you come across them- google them, look up synonyms, and use those words as a jumping off point for more research. What’s a wire rebato? How does it differ from a supportasse? Inquiring minds want to know.
- Double-check your sources. Especially on the internet, and double especially on tumblr. I love it, but it’s ground zero for rapidly spreading misinformation. Books are usually your safest bet, but also take into account their date of publication, who’s writing them- an author’s biases can severely mangle their original source material.
- Don’t be afraid to ask for help. Do everything you can to find out information on your own, but feel free to reach out to people with more specialized areas of knowledge for help! Be considerate about it- the people you’re asking are busy as well- but a specific line of questioning that proves you’re passionate and that you respect their subject matter expertise can work wonders.
Okay, onto the links!
It’s impossible to overstate the importance of getting off the internet and looking into books! God bless the internet, but books are (generally, this isn’t a rule) better-researched and better-sourced. Bibliographies also mean each individual books can be a jumping off point for further research, which is always a fantastic thing.
Remember- owning books is awesome and you should absolutely assemble your own library of resources, but LIBRARIES. Libraries. You’ll be surprised to find what books are available to you at your local library.
GENERAL / SURVEYS
- British Costume from Earliest Times to 1820
Fine book with lots of first hand sources, but be wary of the photography in the book- reproduction costumes and thus somewhat less reliable. Though hilarious.
- Corsets and Crinolines
Norah Waugh’s invaluable survey of corsetry and corset patterns- used the world ‘round by modern corsetieres.
- Costume in Detail: Women’s Dress 1730-1930
Elaborate line drawings/diagrams of extant period garments! A fantastic survey.
- Cut of Men’s Clothes
PDF available online! Patterns for men’s period garments.
- Cut of Women’s Clothes
Patterns for women’s period garments.
- Greenwood Encyclopedia of Clothing Through World History
This is a library find, unless you have a pretty three hundred bucks lying around- a great, general resource.
- A History of Costume
A lot of good text and info, to be taken with a grain of salt. Be wary of any reconstructions and or “supposed” patterns that aren’t directly based on extant garments or firsthand accounts.
- Fashion (Taschen 25th Anniversary)
A survey of the Kyoto Costume Institute’s fashion collection- broad but beautiful. On every fashion student’s bookcase.
- Fashion: The Definitive History of Costume and Style
Great overview of fashion history from the Smithsonian and DK publishing.
- The History of Costume: From the Ancient Mesopotamians Through the Twentieth Century
Broad costume survey, second edition.
- What People Wore: 1,800 Illustrations from Ancient Times to the Early Twentieth Century
this is one of those “I am putting this here because I used it a ton when I was younger” but man, mixed bag. Really cool survey to browse through, but also work that is a copy-of-a-copy-of-a-copy in most instances and thus not necessarily trustworthy as a resource.
- What People Wore When: A Complete Illustrated History of Costume from Ancient Times to the Nineteenth Century for Every Level of Society
A collection of Racinet and Hottentoth’s costume plates from the 19th century. A beautiful survey but, since these are later illustrations, to be taken with a grain of salt.
Patterns fo Fashion books
Detailed, hand-drawn diagrams of historical fashion, inside and out. Pretty amazing stuff.
- Patterns of Fashion: The Cut and Construction of Clothes for Men and Women, C.1560-1620
- Patterns of Fashion 1: Englishwomen’s Dresses & Their Construction C. 1660-1860
- Patterns of Fashion 2: Englishwomen’s Dresses & Their Construction C. 1860-1940
- Patterns of Fashion 4: The Cut and Construction of Linen Shirts, Smocks, Neckwear, Headwear and Accessories for Men and Women C. 1540-1660
Fashion in Detail books
Not what you want if you’re looking for photos of entire costumes- note the “in detail” bit up there. Just a beautiful series, and great reference for all the little things you might miss otherwise. The V&A has an amazing fashion collection, and it’s great to see them share it with the world.
- Nineteenth Century Fashion in Detail
- Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Fashion in Detail
- Underwear: Fashion in Detail
- World Dress: Fashion in Detail
The one non-western entry in the series.
- Fashioning Fashion: European Dress in Detail, 1700 - 1915
LACMA’s response to the V&A’s series mentioned above, also an invaluable resource for historical fashion detail.
- found their phone number in a library book au
- hitchhiker ride au
- met through online rpg au
- disneyworld cosplayers au
- accidentally taking each other’s bags au
- camp councelors au
- antiques shop au
- called the wrong number while drunk au
- sex shop au
- found your their dog au
- crashed the their car au
- yoga class au
- public demonstration au
Instead of flooding you with individual links to these tips, why not have a little masterpost instead?
feel free to add in any links!
List of Smut Writing Guides
Below is a list of guides that have been written on how to write smut. Credit goes to their original writers. This list will be updated each time I find a new smut guide. [Each link below is titled as the topic it covers]
- Accurately Write Gay Sex
- Bare Bones [Step by Step/Stages]
- Casual Sex
- Erotic Horror
- Gay Sex
- Guide to Bottoming
- In General [and details]
- Language in Smut
- Lesbian Smut
- Making Love
- Planned Sex [Girl POV]
- Sex Between Virgins
- Sex Scene
- Sex Scenes
- Sex Scene References
- Terms [Vocabulary]
- The Basics
- The First Time
- Words for Sex
- Writing a Sex Scene
- Writing from a Male’s Perspective
- Writing Tips
- 12-Step Program [How to Write Sex]
Yes, some of these may not relate directly to smut or cover the topic, but they can be helpful when writing smut.
The updated list can always be found here. If there are any broken links, please let me know.
some of these entries have cissexist definitions of male/female, but overall this may come in handy
describing eye colors isn’t actually v helpful as a description??? talk about the makeup smeared on the left side, the lines under their eyes, the sloppily cut hair obscuring their eyes from view, how bloodshot or sunken they seem in the face, how wide they go at the slightest sound, how glassy and unblinking they seem, how they’re always darting away
all of that tells me a bit more about the character than whatever shade of gemstone they most resemble, seriously
THIS IS SO HELPFUL FOR WHEN YOURE ORDERING CLOTHES ONLINE AND DONT KNOW HOW TO LOOK UP WHAT YOU WANT!!